The main sources of vitamin D and deficiency and overdose symptoms

Vitamin D contains in eggs, butter, oil-rich marine fish, fish oil, and eggs, milk, cheese, cottage cheese and other dairy products, wheat, parsley. Very often dairy products and additionally enriched with vitamin D.

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency

Poor appetite, weight loss, burning sensation in the mouth, reduced vision, insomnia, brittle hair and nails, deterioration of teeth, increased brittleness and softening of the bones (osteoporosis and osteomalacia). In children with a deficiency of vitamin D often develop rickets, so it is especially important in infancy and during pregnancy and lactation.

Symptoms of Vitamin D hypervitaminosis

Vitamin D – fat soluble, respectively, it can accumulate in the body. It is also worth bearing in mind that an excess can lead to the deposition of large amounts of calcium salts.
The most common symptoms of hypervitaminosis – poor appetite, disturbances in bowel, nausea, vomiting, weakness, joint pain, headaches and muscle pain, high blood pressure, spasms of the limbs. The food (if you do not overdo it with vitamin D fortified foods) can’t be cause of Vitamin D overdose “Overdose” is also impossible because of sunbathing. Excess ultraviolet radiation is fraught with other dangers, such as disturbances in the DNA of cells and greatly increases the risk of melanoma.

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Symptoms overdose of Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential for healthy teeth and bones.
It is essential that vitamin D produced from sunlight on skin is almost not known to result in toxic levels. Levels of vitamin D bent from sunlight are self-adjusting.

Vitamin D toxicity is identified as hypervitaminosis D. Toxic levels of vitamin D can cause abnormally high blood calcium levels. This can result in bone loss and kidney stones. Long-term overconsumption of vitamin D can cause calcification of organs such as the heart, blood vessels, and the kidneys.
Vitamin D toxicity is impossible in healthy adults with supplement levels lower than 10,000 IU/day. The Food and Nutrition Board has established a very conservative tolerable upper intake level (UL) of 2,000 IU/day (50 mcg/day) for children and adults. The UL for infants up to one year of age is 1000 IU.

Symptoms of Vitamin D overdose

An excessive level of vitamin D occurs as a result of supplement overdose.
Having too much vitamin D in your system could leave a too elevated calcium level, a lower appetite, increased thirst, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, abdominal pain. A long-term effect of too much vitamin D is the deposit of calcium in soft tissues of the body including the blood vessel walls and kidneys where it can cause serious damage.

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Osteoporosis symptoms

Jornada Medica de Osteoporosis

Image by Gobierno Municipal de Piñas via Flickr

Osteoporosis is a condition where bones become porous, brittle and weak, making them susceptible to fractures.  It arises because of a loss of bone mineral, leading to loss of bone mass or density.

Osteoporosis is referred to as the silent thief because bone loss can occur slowly for many years without symptoms until a sudden strain, bump, or fall causes a bone  fracture. It most commonly affects bones in the hip, spine, or wrist. Once the bones have become weakened, osteoporosis may cause back pain, collapsed vertebrae, loss of height, and spinal deformities.

There are usually a few contributing factors.  One of the main causes of osteoporosis is deficiency of certain nutrients in the diet.  Osteoporosis has
several related causes, but too little calcium in the diet plays a big part in causing it. Increasing our intake of these nutrient may help in osteoporosis treatments or in slowing it down.

Calcium supplement tips

To maximize absorption, take no more than 500 mg of elemental calcium at one time and take with meals. Separate calcium-rich foods and supplements by two hours from iron supplements (calcium reduces iron absorption). Avoid drinking tea with meals, as the tannins in tea reduce calcium absorption.

A good quality bone protection supplement may also help to address the nutritional causes of osteoporosis.

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Symptoms of Vitamin D3 Deficiency

Vitamin D3 also known as cholecalciferol is a hormone that has an important role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism. In fact, vitamin D3 is not a vitamin because the body can produce it.
Vitamin D3 synthesized by the body when exposed to ultraviolet light or obtained from dietary sources.

A vitamin D3 deficiency can lead to the development of certain diseases. An individual who does not have enough vitamin D3 in her blood may develop rickets, a disease that causes bones to become deformed.

If you are suffering from vitamin D3 deficiency your bones may become thin and brittle. People with a vitamin D3 shortage are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. A deficiency in vitamin D3 can also cause chronic muscle weakness.

Cases when you might be deficient in Vitamin D3:

  • You have kidney or liver disease. You can’t convert Vitamin D3 into its more active forms.
  • You take corticosteroid drugs such as cortisone, prednisone, or dexamethasone for allergies, asthma, arthritis, or some other health problem. These drugs can deplete your Vitamin D3 level.
  • In addition to geographical and seasonal factors, UV light from the sun may be blocked by factors such as air pollution, clothing, and sunscreens. Under these conditions, vitamin D3 becomes a true vitamin in that it must be supplied in the diet on a regular basis.

The requirement for vitamin D3 is also dependent on the concentration of calcium and phosphorus in the diet, the physiological stage of development, age, sex, degree of exposure to the sun, and the amount of pigmentation in the skin

If you are under condition of vitamins D3 deficiency you should talk to your doctor about  Vitamin D supplements.

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